DateTime::sub

date_sub

(PHP 5 >= 5.3.0, PHP 7)

DateTime::sub -- date_sub Subtrai uma quantidade de dias, meses, anos, horas, minutos e segundos de um objeto DateTime

Descrição

Estilo orientado à objeto

public DateTime DateTime::sub ( DateInterval $interval )

Estilo procedural

DateTime date_sub ( DateTime $object , DateInterval $interval )

Subtrair o objeto DateInterval informado de um objeto DateTime especificado.

Parâmetros

object

Somente estilo procedural: Um objeto DateTime returnado por date_create(). A função modifica esse objeto.

interval

Um objeto DateInterval

Valor Retornado

Retorna o objeto DateTime para o encadeamento de métodos ou FALSE em caso de falha.

Exemplos

Exemplo #1 Exemplo do método DateTime::sub()

Estilo orientado à objeto

<?php
$date 
= new DateTime('2000-01-20');
$date->sub(new DateInterval('P10D'));
echo 
$date->format('Y-m-d') . "\n";
?>

Estilo procedural

<?php
$date 
date_create('2000-01-20');
date_sub($datedate_interval_create_from_date_string('10 days'));
echo 
date_format($date'Y-m-d');
?>

Os exemplos acima irão imprimir:

2000-01-10

Exemplo #2 Exemplos adicionais do método DateTime::sub()

<?php
$date 
= new DateTime('2000-01-20');
$date->sub(new DateInterval('PT10H30S'));
echo 
$date->format('Y-m-d H:i:s') . "\n";

$date = new DateTime('2000-01-20');
$date->sub(new DateInterval('P7Y5M4DT4H3M2S'));
echo 
$date->format('Y-m-d H:i:s') . "\n";
?>

O exemplo acima irá imprimir:

2000-01-19 13:59:30
1992-08-15 19:56:58

Exemplo #3 Cuidados na subtração de meses

<?php
$date 
= new DateTime('2001-04-30');
$interval = new DateInterval('P1M');

$date->sub($interval);
echo 
$date->format('Y-m-d') . "\n";

$date->sub($interval);
echo 
$date->format('Y-m-d') . "\n";
?>

O exemplo acima irá imprimir:

2001-03-30
2001-03-02

Notas

O método DateTime::modify() é uma altertiva quanto utilizada a versão 5.2.

Veja Também

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User Contributed Notes 5 notes

up
55
Anonymous
6 years ago
Note that the sub() and add() methods will modify the value of the object you're calling the method on! This is very untypical for a method that returns a value of its own type. You could misunderstand it that the method would return a new instance with the modified value, but in fact it modifies itself! This is undocumented here. (Only a side note on procedural style mentions it, but it obviously does not apply to object oriented style.)
up
-1
Anonymous
2 months ago
yeoo

is this in utc or not i have no clue
up
0
itonohito
3 years ago
When trying to pass daylight saving state change time, sub() works incorrectly.

$t = new DateTime( '2014-03-30 02:00:00' );
$t->add( new DateInterval('PT1H') );
echo $->format('Y-m-d H:i:s');

output will be: '2014-03-30 04:00:00'.

Well, it's ok because at 3:00 a.m. daylight saving time begins in my country, so after  02:59:59 must be 04:00:00.

But if I try to subtract time:

$t = new DateTime( '2014-03-30 04:00:00' );
$t->sub( new DateInterval('PT1H') );
echo $->format('Y-m-d H:i:s');

output will be: '2014-03-30 04:00:00'.

Yes, completely the same, not '2014-03-30 02:00:00' as it should be.
up
0
php at keith tyler dot com
7 years ago
If you use diff() after sub(), the effects of the sub() will be repeated on the date object.

It doesn't matter if the object is the one diffed or doing the diffing (i.e. which object you call diff() from).

<?php
$today
= new DateTime();
$newdate = new DateTime();

print_r($newdate);
$newdate->sub(new DateInterval("PT1S"));
print_r($newdate);
$s = $newdate->diff($today);
print_r($newdate);
$s = $today->diff($newdate);
print_r($newdate);
$s = $today->diff($newdate);
print_r($newdate);
?>

Prints:

DateTime Object
(
    [date] => 2010-11-30 18:43:48
    [timezone_type] => 3
    [timezone] => America/Los_Angeles
)
DateTime Object
(
    [date] => 2010-11-30 18:43:47
    [timezone_type] => 3
    [timezone] => America/Los_Angeles
)
DateTime Object
(
    [date] => 2010-11-30 18:43:46
    [timezone_type] => 3
    [timezone] => America/Los_Angeles
)
DateTime Object
(
    [date] => 2010-11-30 18:43:45
    [timezone_type] => 3
    [timezone] => America/Los_Angeles
)
DateTime Object
(
    [date] => 2010-11-30 18:43:44
    [timezone_type] => 3
    [timezone] => America/Los_Angeles
)

Note that using add() instead of sub() does NOT have the same effect.

This is particularly undesirable -- in this example you make a datetime, use sub() to make it a relative time in the past, and then date->diff() to confirm the difference. But the diff() inadvertendly makes the difference 2x.
up
-6
soerenklein98 at gmail dot com
2 years ago
Keep in mind that this method can work incorrectly when the daylight saving time is changing to wintertime.
An example is when you have got a loop and your subtracting 1 hour from your time in it. On one day you are actually subtracting 1 hour and the computer adds 1 - the infinitive loop is created.
And on the other day you would actually subtract 2 hours.
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